The objective of the game is: Players try to checkmate (trap) the opponent's principal man, the king, while protecting their own king.
A Chess board contains 64 squares. Each player has 16 pieces to play with. The rooks occupy the corner squares. The knights stand next to them, and the bishops stand beside the knights. The queen occupies the central square of its own color, and the king stands next to the queen. The opposing kings and queens face each other across the board. Players also place their pawns on the rank in front of the pieces.
The picture below explains some basic position definitions of the chess board: